LUDWIG GUMPLOWICZ’. I. KOCHANOWSKI. Member of the International Institute of Sociology, Paris. WARSAW, August Deeply moved, still suffering from. (–)A Polish sociologist, Social Darwinist, and materialist, who argued that social evolution represented a struggle for economic resources resulting in. Ludwig Gumplowicz (–), of PolishJewish parentage, was professor of public law at the University of Graz, Austria, from until his death. He is best.

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Ludwig Gumplowicz |

He ludwug also a jurist and political scientist who taught constitutional and administrative law at the University of Graz. Inhe began teaching administration in Graz; in he became an associate professorand in a full professor.

Inafter he had become ill with cancerludwwig and his wife committed suicide by taking poison. He was a lifelong advocate of minorities in the Habsburg Empirein particular the Slavic speakers. Gumplowicz soon became interested in the later form of sociology of conflictstarting out from the idea of the group then known as race.


He understood race gumplowiz a social and cultural, rather than a biological phenomenon. He stressed in every way the immeasurably small role of biological heredity and the decisive role of the social environment in the determination of human behaviour. While attaching a positive significance to the mixing of races, he noted that pure races had already ceased to exist.

He saw the state as an institution which served various controlling elites at different times. In analysis, he leaned towards macrosociologypredicting gumplowcz if the minorities of a state became socially integrated, they would break out in war.

Ludwig Gumplowicz – Oxford Reference

In his publication, Der Rassenkampf Struggle of the Races he foresaw world war. During his life he was considered a Social Darwinistmainly because of his approach to society as an aggregate of groups struggling ruthlessly among themselves for domination.

At the same time he shared the naturalistic conception of history and considered humanity a particle of the universe and nature, a particle governed by the same eternal laws as the whole. His political beliefs and his polemic character attracted many Polish and Italian students, making his theories important in Poland, Italy and other crown states today CroatiaCzech Republic.


But the fact that he published his works in German meant that he was also an important figure in German-speaking countries.

Gustav Ratzenhofer was the most prominent of those influenced by him. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Gumplowicz, Ludwig

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