Warehouse management systems (WMS). WMS refers to software applications that manage the flow of materials into, through, and out of storage facilities. The APICS OMBOK Framework is a high-level document that codifies the specific elements of operations management. It is not intended as a list of. Lean management. Lean management refers to an approach to management that focuses on reducing or eliminating waste in all facets of the system.
|Published (Last):||20 July 2015|
|PDF File Size:||17.14 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||12.98 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Subscribe to this weekly e-newsletter. APICS research cuts through the clutter and brings you critical ideas and innovations in supply chain management, best practices, how-to steps, and practical advice that give you and your organization a competitive advantage.
APICS, through a partnership with The Manufacturing Institute, explores how manufacturing and supply chain can attract, retain and advance women. Lean management apivs to an approach to management that focuses on reducing or eliminating waste in all facets of the system.
TCO is the sum of all costs in every activity of the supply stream. Examining TCO brings the understanding that unit acquisition cost often is a small portion of the total cost of ownership. In a broader operations management sense, TCO refers to the total system cost of delivering a product or service to the customer. The value stream consists of all the activities or processes necessary to deliver a product or service to the customer.
APICS Operations Management Body of Knowledge Framework, Third Edition
Value stream mapping is a technique using flow charts to identify the key elements and activities in the process and flow of information.
In value stream mapping, each activity is identified as either a value- or non-value-adding activity. Lean management seeks to minimize and eliminate non-value-adding activities from all processes. Lean management is closely related to the concepts of the Toyota production system TPS. It is applied not only in production but across the entire enterprise, and it has broad applications in the service industries.
Lean management involves the systematic identification and elimination of waste throughout the entire value stream. In the TPS, waste is identified by the Japanese word muda.
The key points distinguishing lean from other management concepts is the broadening of the definition of waste to include time and inventory. Through this, lean production tends to evolve quickly into continuous flow, utilizing little or no work-in-process inventory, and ultimately reaching the goal of one-piece flow of the product or service.
One lean technique to eliminate waste is thoroughly cleaning and simplifying the work environment to make activities instantly and visibly obvious. Visual management also enables ease of understanding the status and current performance levels of the workplace.
This is accomplished by making any issues visually stand out, such as missing tools, low inventory, and out-of-place products. Sort, set in order, shine, standardize, and sustain are five terms beginning with the letter S obok in creating a workplace suitable for lean production.
Sort means to separate needed items from unneeded ones and remove the latter. Set in order or simplify means to neatly arrange items for use. Shine or scrub means cleaning up the work area.
Standardize means to sort, simplify and scrub daily. Sustain means always following the first four Ss.
These are sometimes referred to by the Japanese equivalents of seiri, seiton, seiso, seiketsu, and shitsuke. An early insight of lean was the realization that setup costs were a key element and constraint of eliminating waste in any value stream.
APICS OMBOK Framework 12
Therefore, a key activity in any lean management system is to reduce or entirely eliminate the cost of changing from pmbok product or service to another. Toyota’s Shigeo Shingo developed a system known as single-minute exchange of die to systematically reduce the ombook for a setup to a single minute or less than ten minutes.
These techniques have broad applications throughout manufacturing and service industries. Kaizen is the Japanese term for improvement. Kaizen is continuing improvement involving everyone—both managers and workers. In manufacturing, kaizen is finding and eliminating waste in machinery, labor, and production methods.
In lean management systems, zero inventory is the ideal state sought in eliminating the waste muda of inventory. In an ideal lean system, a single piece of a product or service is moved through the value stream, completed, and delivered exactly at the time the end customer demands it.
Two common measures of supply chain efficiency are inventory turnover and week-of-supply. These are effectively measuring the same quantity: Mathematically, they are the inverse of one another.
APICS OMBOK Framework 11
Other common measures include the percentage of orders shipped according to schedule, the percentage of actual line items filled from stock, and the time from when an order is placed to when it is received by the customer lead time. More advanced metrics measure asset turnover and the time elapsed from cash spent purchasing materials into cash received from a customer.
Women in Manufacturing APICS, through a partnership with The Manufacturing Institute, explores how manufacturing and supply chain can attract, retain and advance women. There are seven categories of waste: You have free articles left to view this month. JOIN Already have an account?