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Debate sobre o artigo de Naomar de Almeida Filho. Almeida Filho’s essay is stimulating, as indeed is all of his work.

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More than as a text, let us approach it, as proposed by Anatol Rosenfeldas rowenfeld “pre-text”, a pretext for dialogue, happenings, and creation. The “text” will be this construction in movement, this totality of arguments, intensities, and intention. So let us tackle the debate. Naturally, this epistemological architecture is not new, in fact it is a common pathway for those who attempt to overcome a hegemonic paradigm or paradigmatic references, i.

This demands a profound critique “from the inside”, i. Unfortunately, in this case sociology was taken for one of its schools, that of functionalism, and its authors were “evaluated” based on the operational concepts they use, considered “revealing” of their adherence to the negative view of health.

Texto/contexto – Anatol Rosenfeld – Google Books

According to the author, anthropology, as expressed by the watershed of medical teto, has advanced in the effort at conceptualizing the DIS complex disease, illness, sicknessbut has failed to overcome the essential problem of prioritizing the ill individual’s return to functioning with a normal and healthy life, without entering into the issue of what this normality is or the concept of health implied therein.

Since so-called “radical” phenomenology had great influence on the field of health in the s and now returns in adulterated fashion under the veil of methodological imprecisions, empiricist spontaneity, and studies erroneously referred to as “qualitative research”, one can understand the author’s concern.


The “inability” to overcome the negative vision of health still prevails. However, perhaps it is not a matter of viewing health as “the mere absence of disease-illness-sickness”, hence an absence in terms of what health is in fact.

Texto/contexto Anatol Rosenfeld

But would the issue not be to conteto that the human experience of health has adhered to not only dialectically but “ontologically” the very clash, the very struggle against death and the fear of pain, suffering, and destruction? Not as non-disease but as the unceasing struggle both against maculae sanus and at the same time for physical, psychological, and cultural integrity salvus Almeida Filho,meanwhile, always noting the fexto of this confrontation, since as mentioned above the historicity of the object is the reality principle of Social Sciences Passeron, Once removed from this dimension, does the concept of health not become watered down?

This does not indicate ignoring the need, identified so well by Almeida Filho’s paper, to undertake a reflection that overcomes the view of health as the mere inverse of disease. Still, as postulated, we run the naatol of basing the discussion of this insufficiency which is rich because it makes dialogue with other fields of knowledge indispensable on an argument of incapacitybased on a naatol and external review of what these sciences are.

But the debate does not end here.

Books by Anatol Rosenfeld

It raises the bothersome question: And we would add to this: Many authors in Modernity have followed this enticing proposition, albeit in the form of a “unified theory”. The so-called “total theories” that circulated in the 19th century and survived the 20th century articulated disciplinary knowledge and even provided a number of multidisciplinary propositions.

They made an effort to translate, measure, and predict the complex, the future, and even the incommensurable. They achieved historical success, although orthopedically framing the real in reality; after all, they had at hand some certainties and the notion that the gaps in knowledge had already been identified.


Still, the paper’s objective is precisely to distinguish itself from this mold: The author courageously proposes to tackle other powerful obstacles that rosenfdld attempts at a General Theory.

The basic dimension of any theory, the concept, reveals the challenge of preserving its totality and polysemy, meanwhile being “objectifying”. It becomes necessary to discern in the word health what is defined as concept, object, object-model, and field, both with regard to the heuristic aspect and the socio-cultural practices imbedded in these definitions which are not restricted to SmpH but connect to a sociology of knowledge.

A General Theory is proposed in contexho each field of knowledge plays a role, rosenfe,d with certain operators. Adhered to each other within this theoretical system, which is understood as open, would such distinct epistemic traditions be comfortable?

Would the “descriptors” be the possibility of objectivity capable of equalizing or assuaging rosefneld radical differences as well as promoting a trans- or interdisciplinary dialogue? Naturally any theory must “semantically discipline” the words and concepts it employs Passeron, But how does one avoid transforming such a proposition into the grammar of a formal system?

How does one resist succumbing to the clutches of structuralist logic?

Rosebfeld out loud, how does one preserve the poiesisso dear to the complex thinking we claim for the health field, if one implicitly determines disciplinary roles a priori?

Given the limited space for debate, I wish to conclude by saying how happy I am to be able to initiate a dense debate, roesnfeld possible by such a challenging text by Almeida Filho. ReadCube Visualizar o texto. Similares no Google Citados no Google Scholar. Debate on the paper by Naomar de Almeida Filho.